Student Parliament makes virtual history

01 June 2020 | Story Penny Haw. Photo Supplied. Read time 7 min.
Photographed before lockdown, left to right, Sikelelwa Nogcazi; Deputy Speaker Percy Mkhize; and Speaker Sarina Mpharalala.
Photographed before lockdown, left to right, Sikelelwa Nogcazi; Deputy Speaker Percy Mkhize; and Speaker Sarina Mpharalala.

When the first quarter assembly of the Student Parliament of the University of Cape Town (UCT) got suspended because of the national lockdown, the 2020 Management Committee realised they would have to be inventive and resourceful to deliver their mandate and achieve their vision.

“Everything was in place for our first ordinary meeting of the year,” said Speaker of the Student Parliament Management Committee, Sarina Mpharalala. “The venue was booked, catering organised and vision set out, but then, when the date of the national lockdown was announced, we realised that it wouldn’t be possible to continue and our plans had to be suspended.”

Along with many others, committee members required a couple of weeks to deal with the uncertainties and anxiety around COVID-19 and to settle into new routines dictated by the lockdown. Shortly thereafter, Mpharalala remembered that she and her committee had been elected to undertake responsibilities and they needed to find a way of delivering on the mandate they had been given, despite the circumstances.

The Student Parliament is an assembly of all student organisations at the university. It serves as an advisory body to the Student Representative Council (SRC) on policy matters, but decisions taken by a two-thirds majority of the assembly are binding on the SRC. The Parliament helps ensure that the SRC and its substructures are accountable, transparent and rooted in the principles and values that are enshrined in the SRC constitution. Student Parliament meetings are held quarterly and are open to all registered students of the university to observe and participate without voting rights.

Reimagining a sitting

“The first step was to further engage via WhatsApp on the committee group so that we could begin discussing how we might proceed,” said Deputy Speaker of the Student Parliament Management Committee, Percy Mkhize. “It was soon agreed that we wanted to find a way of running with our vision despite the challenges.”

Driving the communication, Mpharalala emailed members notifying them of the committee’s intentions of finding the resources and means of holding a virtual assembly.

“Focusing on inclusivity, we needed to ensure that members would be able to attend,” she said. “This meant finding a way of funding data and making sure that everyone had the necessary devices. We waited for UCT to deliver laptops as required and authorised funding of data with treasury, which was achieved by redirecting funds that would have otherwise been used for catering.”

Doing the prep

Introduced to communication and collaboration platform Microsoft Teams a few weeks earlier when she was invited to a University Student Affairs Committee virtual meeting, Mpharalala set about preparing for the virtual assembly using the technology.

“Because for many members it was not only their first Student Parliament meeting, but also their first experience of the virtual platform, I knew I would have to expand on the normal procedures and rules of ordinary sittings, plan carefully and communicate thoroughly. I drew up lists of what I thought could work to discuss with the committee,” she said.


“I knew I would have to expand on the normal procedures and rules of ordinary sittings, plan carefully and communicate thoroughly.”

Mpharalala drafted a clear protocol for the sitting, which she communicated meticulously to all members during the induction of the meeting.

For the most effective use of data, the meeting made use of voice only. Members’ microphones were muted until individuals, having applied the hand-raising feature, were recognised by the Speaker and invited to speak. People were also invited to make use of the chat function to ask questions and engage, but were forewarned that the number of questions per member would be limited to ensure that everyone had a chance to communicate.

The event

With 58 members online for more than four hours, the Student Parliament assembly resolved all but one issue on the agenda, which fell away because the member who was meant to present it was not present.

“It went very smoothly,” said Mpharalala. “Even when the issues under discussion were contentious, there was no chaos. Members made use of the functions and were respectful of one another. Even those who felt that they were not recognised quickly enough or were unable to ask more questions, having already had their chance, were satisfied and did not take things personally. I was able to successfully hold election appointments for committees.”

In fact, the virtual sitting was “more than we planned or imagined it would be”.

Student Parliament meetings are historically open to all registered students of the university to observe and participate without voting rights. Although it was not feasible to include non-members on the Teams platform, the committee invited them to observe via live-streaming on the UCT SRC Twitter account. The virtual sitting remains accessible to interested parties on the account.


“The country needs to invest in technology that enables and empowers institutions of education to advance virtually.”

“We got some engagement and feedback from observers via Twitter,” said Mpharalala. “It added to the success of the meeting and I am very proud of the fact that I could sit in my room as 58 members were on their own elsewhere, and we could engage appropriately and effectively while others participated as observers.

“Personally, it makes me believe that I have affirmed others’ belief in me and shown that I am up to the job they elected me for. I am also proud of the committee and members for the engagement, cooperation and order which they brought to the event.”


Despite the success of the meeting, the virtual environment was not without its challenges. There were connectivity problems during the event, which meant people dropped off momentarily, including the Speaker.

“Fortunately, I was able to immediately WhatsApp Percy to let him know that I was reconnecting, which enabled him to keep the meeting informed and on track,” said Mpharalala.

Connectivity was, added Mkhize, also an issue for international members in terms of providing data. This, he said, highlights something that needs to be addressed: “South Africa needs to constantly look for ways to better our lives and, at the moment in particular, we need to find virtual ways of doing this. The country needs to invest in technology that enables and empowers institutions of education to advance virtually. It might be challenging, but it is possible, and I think that the success of our meeting demonstrates this.”

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