One of the most regularly cited motivations for charting a career in law is the prospect of making the world a better place. There’s no time that this opportunity seems more tangible than when speaking with the director of the University of Cape Town’s (UCT) Law Clinic, Yellavarne Moodley.
Moodley’s interest in studying law was piqued in the 1980s, when the school boycotts erupted during the most tyrannical years of the apartheid regime. As a high-school student at the time, Moodley saw law as the best means for fighting the oppressive system.
“I always hated injustice, and believed law was a solution, and a way of working towards a better and more equitable world,” noted Moodley.
Faced with a gamut of systemic obstacles to overcome during those stifling years, the path to becoming a legal practitioner was not an easy one. Rather than study law directly, Moodley enrolled in education, with a view to obtaining a qualification in the most expedient and cost‑effective way possible.
“I always hated injustice, and believed law was a solution.”
After obtaining her BA and Higher Diploma in Education, Moodley taught for five years before returning to UCT to study law. Not only did she obtain an LLB, she also went on to complete her master’s, with a focus on human rights law. Following this, Moodley represented asylum seekers who had been denied refugee status in South Africa.
Building an equitable society
In addition to her LLM, which explored the socio‑economic rights of foreign children living in South Africa, Moodley is a trained mediator. Mediation, the director believes, is an important, cost‑saving alternative to litigation – a cause that has always been close to her heart.
“I always knew that I wanted to provide a legal service to people who could not afford a lawyer, and the clinic was the ideal space to do that,” she said.
“It was also a place where I could learn. It was an exciting space; and open to new ideas, because of the convergence between the educational sector, the legal sector, and the community, which was what I was looking for.”
Rather than limiting her to “paper and contracts”, clinic work provided Moodley with a way to support people who are affected by the law as well as having limited access to justice, due to either systemic or financial constraints. Ensuring this access to justice, she noted, is essential for creating an equitable society.
“It is vital that people who cannot afford a lawyer are not further impoverished or adversely affected by the law. This is a scenario I have seen play out, where people who do not understand or lack the requisite knowledge to navigate the legal system are rendered powerless by not being properly heard, or by not knowing what to do.
“Ignoring a pleading or legal document to attend court can negatively impact one. Similarly, failure to address a court document in the requisite time may mean a decision will be made that can adversely affect your life, or the few assets you have, or even your children. The consequences can be dire, which is why we must ensure access to justice. We cannot simply watch and do nothing,” explained Moodley.
“We cannot simply watch and do nothing.”
In addition to providing access to justice, working at the legal clinic had practical advantages for Moodley – especially as a mother of young children.
“There were also practical reasons that drove me to seek work at the clinic. I studied law when my sons were relatively young – 18 months and four years old. As a mother and an attorney, I wanted to work regular work hours, which was what I was able to do at the clinic.”
Since becoming the director of UCT’s Law Clinic in 2013, Moodley’s main drive has been to use law as a tool to effect social change, as well as to deliver quality legal support and representation to under-served communities.
While this representation is essential for reducing poverty and inequality, Moodley believes that another key factor for driving social change is ensuring that future lawyers receive the appropriate training. In this regard, the director noted, there is room for improvement in the South African context.
“Much of the research into clinical legal education in South Africa remains Eurocentric. This is partly due to the fact that as clinicians, we do not have enough time to do the research in the same way academics are able to. That being said, the issues that are focused on are those that indigent people have to endure throughout the world,” she said.
Adding to this, the director noted that the Law Clinic plays a critical role in ensuring that the legal profession is transformed into one that is more representative of the South African population as a whole.
“Many corporates remain untransformed, or employ few people of colour once they have been admitted as attorneys. Things are changing as companies are pressured. However, I realise that we at the Law Clinic have a pivotal role in educating future lawyers to be culturally competent and to embrace diversity. We have a duty to transform the profession, and we have been making good on that.”
“We have a duty to transform the profession, and we have been making good on that.”
For making the necessary changes to ensure that clinical legal work is meaningful in the South African context, Moodley highlighted the importance of practitioners documenting the success and challenges of their work.
“We have been engaging in clinical legal education for almost three decades, and we need to begin documenting what we have studied. However, this can be difficult, due to the time constraints that come with managing a law clinic. The administrative duties are substantial, and little space is left for research,” she added.
Despite the challenges, Moodley remains enthused about the chance to serve the public by enhancing the administration of justice and improving education within the field, as well as working within academia to improve institutional support for legal clinical services.
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