Period poverty: Sisters do it for themselves

18 August 2022 | Story Helen Swingler. Photos Lerato Maduna. Read time 7 min.
UCT master’s student Sharifa Negesa, a volunteer with Girls Alive Uganda and an advocate for menstrual hygiene. She trains girls to make their own sustainable, reusable sanitary products.
UCT master’s student Sharifa Negesa, a volunteer with Girls Alive Uganda and an advocate for menstrual hygiene. She trains girls to make their own sustainable, reusable sanitary products.

During term, Sharifa Negesa is a University of Cape Town (UCT) master’s student in computer science. But back home in Uganda during vacations she joins a travelling cast of Girls Alive Uganda volunteers. They visit remote schools to teach simple but empowering lessons and skills: menstrual hygiene and making reusable, sustainable sanitary pads with basic materials.

These materials could be absorbent cotton off-cuts from the market, or strips cut from old, clean clothes, and plastic shopping bags as a protective layer. Armed with a needle, thread, scissors and a supplied pattern, they have the basic tools to help themselves.

The Girls Alive Uganda initiative is empowering in poor, rural communities where young women face “period poverty”. A lack of resources and access to clean water, coupled with cultural and social taboos around menstruation, reduce them to using unhygienic absorbent material – anything from newspaper to grass and even cow dung.

This has health implications as they become vulnerable to reproductive tract infections. There is also the shame and stigma attached to menstruating; these young women are often barred from cooking food, interacting with others, and find themselves isolated.

Girls Alive Uganda now has 50 volunteers, including UCT master’s student Sharifa Negesa.

Robbed of education, opportunity

It’s a cycle that robs millions of girls and young women around the world of education and associated opportunities.

Negesa knows what it’s like. At school in the Mbale District, a rural community in eastern Uganda, many of her peers struggled to access clean, safe sanitary products. As a result, they lost out on schooling, fell behind and often dropped out. Some fell pregnant, said Negesa, ironically by the same men who promised them money for sanitary products.

Girls Alive Uganda is working to change that. Established in the nearby Tororo District, the non-profit organisation was founded by Makerere University alumni from different parts of Uganda. They began with 10 volunteers and now have 50.

With an undergraduate degree from Makerere University, Negesa wanted to expand her interest in child and maternal health at a top institution. She was accepted for a master’s programme on social impact in the health sector at UCT’s ICT4D. This multidisciplinary ICT4D hub aims to finding research solutions, specifically new technologies, that address socio-technical problems in South Africa, Africa and other developing nations.

She is supported by the Mastercard Foundation Scholars Program (MCFSP). UCT is a partner institution in Africa.

Mentorship, counselling and training

The Girls Alive Uganda team uses a programme adapted from WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene), part of the WaterAid global project to ensure safe and sustainable water, sanitation and hygiene for all. WASH’s Menstrual Hygiene Matters comprises nine modules and toolkits that cover key aspects of menstrual hygiene aspects for different settings and scenarios. The programme taps into examples of good menstrual hygiene practices around the world and encourages advocacy.

Currently the Girls Alive Uganda mentorship and education programme offers guidance and counselling to boys and girls across eastern Uganda. They have also worked in the urban slum of Luwero in central Uganda, training the girls to make reusable pads.


“It’s important to involve boys too. They think they are not affected but they are.”

In terms of life skills, Uganda’s Ministry of Education curriculum highlights only basic aspects of menstrual hygiene, said Negesa. Otherwise, it’s an “invisible visible problem”.

“The programme needs support from parents, teachers and other role players,” said Negesa. “It’s important to involve boys too. They think they are not affected but they are.

“We teach them how to support the girls during menstruation. For instance, when we ask boys if they menstruate, they always laugh. We point out that boys may not menstruate physically, but they menstruate financially and emotionally. Their mother may be the family breadwinner and [if] she’s in pain or unwell, she could miss work and earnings. We are all affected in one way or another.”

Many adolescent girls face stigma, harassment, and social exclusion, too.

“Besides information, they need safe spaces and I believe men and women should be creating those safe spaces. We must build the structures that bring change,” she added.

Giving back

In future, Girls Alive Uganda hopes to make their own sanitary pads to distribute at schools during training. The organisation has already reached over 500 girls in more than 10 schools and 15 communities – something Negesa is proud of.

“By volunteering, I have been able to give back to my community.”

The MCFSP encourages this. And as a social healthcare project, the work also complements her master’s research on women’s wellness. This specifically addresses healthcare workers where care and empathy are central to reducing maternal mortality rates in sub-Saharan Africa.


“I believe that these two aspects of my work will contribute to a better, healthier and empowered generation of mothers and leaders.”

“I believe that these two aspects of my work will contribute to a better, healthier and empowered generation of mothers and leaders who have access to quality women’s health resources – individually and as communities.”

Next up, Negesa plans to do a PhD in Computer Science. She is keen to become a researcher and lecturer in ICT4D for health, and a lecturer at a Ugandan university.

“I want to share my knowledge with other people.”

Her long-term goal includes opening a consultancy, which will advise companies in the healthcare sector on technology.

 Negesa has a strong message for girls and young women this Women’s Month.

“Girls run the world – that’s the only thing I know for sure. There is no way you are going to travel for miles without someone mentioning how a woman has influenced their life. One of my favourite quotes from Mother Teresa states, ‘I alone cannot change the world, but I can cast a stone across the water to create many ripples.’ As women we ought to learn that we rise by lifting others. Let’s support and uplift each other to create the change that we aspire to see in this world.”

And she has a pithy message for men.

“Dear men, flowers and chocolates cannot do what the words of love can. Every woman in our lives is unique, and Women’s Month is a time to celebrate that wonderful woman. Let’s remind ourselves of the goodness these women bring to our lives. Support the women around you and respect everything they do because they deserve it.”

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